Friday 20 July 2012

Consumer Price Index Numbers

The Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation releases Consumer Price Indices (CPI) on base 2010=100 for all-India and States/UTs separately for rural, urban and combined every month with effect from January, 2011. 

Provisional indices for the month of June 2012 and also final indices for May 2012 are being released with this note for all-India and for States/UTs.

            All India provisional General (all groups), Group and Sub- Group level CPI numbers of June 2012 for rural, urban and combined are given in Annex I. The General Indices for rural, urban and combined are 120.6, 118.5 and 119.7 respectively. 

Provisional annual inflation rate based on all India general CPI (Combined) for June 2012 on point to point basis (June 2012 over June 2011) is 10.02 % as compared to 10.36 % (final) for the previous month of May 2012. The corresponding provisional inflation rates for rural and urban areas for June 2012 are 9.74 % and 10.44 % respectively. Inflation rates (final) for rural and urban areas for May 2012 are 9.57 % and 11.52 % respectively. Inflation for specified categories is indicated at Annex II.

Decline in the inflation rate for the urban areas in June 2012 as compared to May 2012 is attributed to the higher base of the housing group index for June 2011 as compared to May 2011. Housing group includes items such as house rent, water charges and repair charges. For compilation of house rent index, rent data are collected from the sample of rented dwellings (distributed over six months) once in six months. House rent data for six months period are therefore required for computation of house rent index. Housing group index for June 2011 included the rent index compiled using the rent data for the period January 2011 to June 2011, which was the first six months period after the base year of January 2010 to December 2010.

State/UT-wise General provisional CPI numbers for rural, urban and combined are at Annex III. State/ UT wise Group level provisional indices are available in the Ministry’s website (

Price data are collected from selected towns by the Field Operations Division of NSSO and from selected villages by the Department of Posts. Price data are received through web portals being maintained by the National Informatics Centre.

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